Making Deductions

Where are they now?

Target Structure: Modal verbs: must, might, may, could, can’t for deduction and speculation in the present

Duration: 60 – 90 minutes

In this lesson, you’ll introduce modals of deductions with an explanation (included) and some grammar practice before getting students in pairs for a listening activity. Finally they will take a trip to a 10-year reunion where they will guess what six best friends are all doing nowadays using modals of deduction.

This lesson is in the following categories: Grammar Classes, Modal Verbs

Target Structure

Modals of deduction (present): must, might, may, could, can’t

  • He must be really nervous. Look how much he is sweating.
  • The menu looks good, this might be a good restaurant.
  • The man in the suit could be a businessman.
  • It may be our neighbor at the door.
  • I just saw her, she can’t be at the office now.


Vocabulary from listening activity

Job vocabulary

  • lawyer
  • travel writer
  • bank robber
  • celebrity
  • Olympic athlete
  • teacher


  • Warm Up
  • Gap Fill (grammar practice)
  • Rewrite sentences (grammar practice)
  • Marc’s Chance (teacher-read listening)
  • Where are they now? (speaking and presentation)
  • Extra Activity: Where am I? (speaking practice)