Can and Could

Can and Could

Target Structure: Can and Could for ability

Lesson Topic: Abilities Past and Present

Duration: 1 hour – 1.5 hours

Can you ride a bike? Could you speak two languages when you were a child?

Let’s take a look at how we can use the words ‘can’ and ‘could’ to talk about our abilities past and present.

This lesson is in the following categories: Grammar Classes, Modal Verbs

Target Structure

Can and Could – affirmative

  • I can ride a bike.
  • I could run fast.

Can and Could – Negative

  • I can’t swim.
  • You couldn’t do math as a child.

Can and Could – Interrogative

  • Can you cook a good meal?
  • Could you stay awake all night as a child?


Common abilities

  • fly
  • cook
  • swim
  • jump
  • speak
  • treat patients
  • heat
  • do math (maths)
  • ride a bicycle
  • stay awake
  • remember


  • Warm Up (speaking)
  • Using Can (grammar practice)
  • When I was younger… (gap fill + reading)
  • I can…I could… (grammar practice)
  • Can you…? Could you…? (speaking)
  • Truth or Lie (speaking)
  • Extra Activity